SnowConvert Scripts Helpers

SnowConvert Helpers is a set of classes with functions designed to facilitate the conversion of Teradata script files to Python files that Snowflake can interpret.

SnowConvert for Teradata can take in any Teradata SQL or scripts (BTEQ, FastLoad, MultiLoad, and TPump) and convert them to functionally equivalent Snowflake SQL, JavaScript embedded in Snowflake SQL, and Python. Any output Python code from SnowConvert will call functions from these helper classes to complete the conversion and create a functionally equivalent output in Snowflake.

The Snowflake Connector for Python will also be called in order to connect to your Snowflake account and run the output Python code created by SnowConvert.

The latest version information of the package can be found here.

The Python packagesnowconvert-helpers supports Python versions 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, and 3.9.

Script Migration

Source

Suppose you have the following BTEQ code to be migrated.

IN -> Teradata_01.bteq
insert into table1 values(1, 2);
insert into table1 values(3, 4);
insert into table1 values(5, 6);

Output

You should get an output like the one below.

The log_onfunction parameters ('user', 'password', 'account', 'database', 'warehouse', 'role', 'token') should be defined by the user.

OUT -> Teradata_01.py
#*** Generated code is based on the SnowConvert Python Helpers version 2.0.6 ***
 
import os
import sys
import snowconvert.helpers
from snowconvert.helpers import Export
from snowconvert.helpers import exec
from snowconvert.helpers import BeginLoading
con = None
def main():
  snowconvert.helpers.configure_log()
  con = snowconvert.helpers.log_on()
  exec("""
    INSERT INTO table1
    VALUES (1, 2)
    """)
  exec("""
    INSERT INTO table1
    VALUES (3, 4)
    """)
  exec("""
    INSERT INTO table1
    VALUES (5, 6)
    """)
  snowconvert.helpers.quit_application()

if __name__ == "__main__":
  main()

Getting Started

To install the package, you should run the following command in your python environment. If you're not familiar with installing packages in Python, visit the following page on python packages (https://packaging.python.org/tutorials/installing-packages/).

pip install snowconvert-helpers

Once your package is installed, you will be able to run the script migrated code in Python.

Run the code

To run the migrated code, you just have to open the Command Prompt or the Terminal and execute the following command.

python sample_BTEQ.py

If the script has no errors, you will get in your console an output like the one below.

Executing: INSERT INTO PUBLIC.table1 VALUES (1, 2).
Printing Result Set:
number of rows inserted
1

Executing: INSERT INTO PUBLIC.table1 VALUES (3, 4).
Printing Result Set:
number of rows inserted
1

Executing: INSERT INTO PUBLIC.table1 VALUES (5, 6).
Printing Result Set:
number of rows inserted
1

Error Code 0
Script done >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
Error Code 0

Passing connection parameters

There are several ways to pass the connection parameters to the connection of the database:

  • As parameters in the function call snowconvert.helpers.log_on inside the python file.

  • As positional parameters with the specific order of user, password, account, database, warehouse, and role when the python is being executed from the command line.

  • As named parameters with no order restriction of SNOW_USER, SNOW_PASSWORD, SNOW_ACCOUNT, SNOW_DATABASE, SNOW_WAREHOUSE, SNOW_ROLE, SNOW_QUERYTAG, SNOWAUTHENTICATOR and SNOWTOKEN when the python is being executed from the command line and any of them are passed like --param-VARNAME=VALUE.

  • As environment variables named SNOW_USER, SNOW_PASSWORD, SNOW_ACCOUNT, SNOW_DATABASE, SNOW_WAREHOUSE, SNOW_ROLE, SNOW_QUERYTAG, SNOWAUTHENTICATOR and SNOWTOKEN before python execution.

The previous order specified is the way to determine the precedence.

Parameters in the function call

They can be set as positional parameters in the function call as follows.

sample_BTEQ.py
   .....
   con = snowconvert.helpers.log_on(
     'myuser',
     'mypassword',
     'myaccount',
     'mydatabase',
     'mywarehouse',
     'myrole',
     5,
     'myauthenticator',
     'mytoken')
   .....

Or they can be set any of the named parameters in any order in the function call as follows.

sample_BTEQ.py
   .....
   con = snowconvert.helpers.log_on(
     account:'myaccount',
     password:'mypassword',
     user:'myuser',     
     warehouse:'mywarehouse',
     login_timeout:5,
     authenticator:'myauthenticator',
     toke:'mytoken')
   .....

Positional parameters

They need to be set in the specific order in the command line as follows.

python sample_BTEQ.py myuser mypassword myaccount mydatabase mywarehouse myrole myauthenticator mytokenr

Or they can be set only some of the parameters but always starting with the user parameter as follows.

python sample_BTEQ.py myuser mypassword myaccount

Named parameters

They can be set any of the named parameters in any order in the command line as follows (use a single line, multiline shown for readability reasons).

python sample_BTEQ.py --param-SNOW_WAREHOUSE=mywarehouse 
  --param-SNOW_ROLE=myrole 
  --param-SNOW_PASSWORD=mypassword 
  --param-SNOW_USER=myuser 
  --param-SNOW_QUERYTAG=mytag 
  --param-SNOW_ACCOUNT=myaccount
  --param-SNOW_DATABASE=mydatabase 
  --param-SNOW_AUTHENTICATOR=myauthenticator
  --param-SNOW_TOKEN=mytoken

Environment variables

Before calling the python script, any of the following environment variables can be set:

  • SNOW_USER

  • SNOW_PASSWORD

  • SNOW_ACCOUNT

  • SNOW_DATABASE

  • SNOW_WAREHOUSE

  • SNOW_ROLE

  • SNOW_QUERYTAG

  • SNOW_AUTHENTICATOR

  • SNOW_TOKEN

Example of passing environment variables

Here is an example of using SNOW_AUTHENTICATOR, SNOW_USER and SNOW_PASSWORD. They must be defined before running the output python file and then run the python generated file.

SET SNOW_AUTHENTICATOR=VALUE
SET SNOW_USER=myuser
SET SNOW_PASSWORD=mypassword
python sample_BTEQ.py