WHILE

Translation reference to convert SQL Server While Statement to Snowflake Scripting

Description

The While statement allows an SQL statement or a block of statements to be repeatedly executed as long as the specified condition is true. The execution of statements in the WHILE loop can be controlled from inside the loop with the BREAK and CONTINUE keywords.

For more information for SQL Server While, check here.

WHILE Boolean_expression   
     { sql_statement | statement_block | BREAK | CONTINUE }

Note: To define a statement block, use the control-of-flow keywords BEGIN and END.

Sample Source Patterns

Basic source pattern code

SQL Server

The following code refers to a While Loop in SQL Server that iterates the @Iteration variable and controls the flow of the loop to terminate when the value of @Iteration equals 10.

Statements after the CONTINUE keyword will not be executed.

IN -> SqlServer_01.sql
CREATE OR ALTER PROCEDURE WhileDemoProcedure
AS
    DECLARE @iteration INT;
    SET @iteration = 1;
    
    WHILE @iteration < 100
    BEGIN
        IF @iteration = 10
            BREAK;
        ELSE
            BEGIN
                SET @iteration = @iteration + 1;
                CONTINUE;
                SET @iteration = 2 * @iteration;
            END;
    END;
    RETURN @iteration;
GO



DECLARE @result INT;
EXEC @result = WhileDemoProcedure;
PRINT @result;

Snowflake Scripting

As well as SQL Server, in Snowflake Scripting the statements after the CONTINUE keyword will not be executed.

Notice that in Snowflake Scripting it is not necessary to use the BEGIN and END keywords to define a statement block, however it can be used if required.

OUT -> SqlServer_01.sql
CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE WhileDemoProcedure ()
RETURNS VARCHAR
LANGUAGE SQL
COMMENT = '{"origin":"sf_sc","name":"snowconvert","version":{"major":1, "minor":0},{"attributes":{"component":"transact"}}'
EXECUTE AS CALLER
AS
$$
    DECLARE
        ITERATION INT;
    BEGIN
         
        ITERATION := 1;
        WHILE (:ITERATION < 100) LOOP
            IF (:ITERATION = 10) THEN
                BREAK;
            ELSE
                BEGIN
                    ITERATION := :ITERATION + 1;
                    !!!RESOLVE EWI!!! /*** SSC-EWI-0073 - PENDING FUNCTIONAL EQUIVALENCE REVIEW FOR 'FLOW INTERRUPTION STATEMENT' NODE ***/!!!
                    CONTINUE;
                    ITERATION := 2 * :ITERATION;
                END;
            END IF;
        END LOOP;
        RETURN :ITERATION;
    END;
$$;

DECLARE
    RESULT INT;
BEGIN
    CALL WhileDemoProcedure();
    !!!RESOLVE EWI!!! /*** SSC-EWI-0073 - PENDING FUNCTIONAL EQUIVALENCE REVIEW FOR 'Print' NODE ***/!!!
    PRINT @result;
END;

While with empty body Source Pattern

SQL Server

Please note this example was written while the IF ELSE statement was not supported, the differences in the results should disappear when support for the statement is implemented.

IN -> SqlServer_02.sql
CREATE OR ALTER PROCEDURE WhileEmptyBodyProc
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @MyVar INT;
    SET @MyVar = 1;
    WHILE (@MyVar < 100)
        BEGIN
            IF @MyVar < 50
                SET @MyVar *= 5;
            ELSE
                SET @MyVar *= 3;
        END;
    RETURN @MyVar;
END;

DECLARE @result INT;
EXEC @result = WhileEmptyBodyProc;
PRINT @result;

Snowflake Scripting

This statement can not have an empty body in Snowflake Scripting, to solve this cases a default BREAK statement is added when an empty body is detected.

OUT -> SqlServer_02.sql
CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE WhileEmptyBodyProc ()
RETURNS VARCHAR
LANGUAGE SQL
COMMENT = '{"origin":"sf_sc","name":"snowconvert","version":{"major":1, "minor":0},{"attributes":{"component":"transact"}}'
EXECUTE AS CALLER
AS
$$
    DECLARE
        MYVAR INT;
        RESULT INT;